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Using role-plays in teaching speaking by CHL

Sở GD- ĐT Đồng Nai

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Using Role-plays in
Teaching Speaking

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Using role-plays in teaching speaking by CHL
I. Reason for choosing the topic:
Learning a language is a complex and long process as anyone who has tried will agree. One
of the most difficult and frustrating things is making the transition from the classroom to the
'real' world. In the classroom, everyone knows you are a student and mistakes are allowed,
and the environment is contained and safe. Speaking another language outside the classroom
is completely different and often students are lost at sea as soon as they step outside the door.
Lists of memorized vocabulary are suddenly useless when ordering in a restaurant.
The problem becomes more complicated when it comes to Vietnam setting. English teachers
in Vietnam have just adopted communicative approach for just a few years since the using of
the new textbooks. However, they have not paid enough attention to speaking skill. The
speaking tasks are simple, and more importantly, impractical.
In this writing, I would like to recommend a more practical way of teaching speaking in high
school classrooms; that is using role-plays and simulations. Role-plays, or simulations are
one of the ways ESL instructors can ease students' transition into using English in real world
situations. A simulation is where students act out a real-life situation, for example checking
into at a hotel, but do not act out a different personality. Role-plays are where students take
on different personalities. In a role-play, for example, one student may be asked to take on
the role of "an angry neighbor" which is out of character for the student.
The purpose of role playing is to give the students an opportunity to work with others in
determining how an individual or group might behave in response to a particular situation.
Role playing is often used primarily to promote classroom discussion. The use of role
playing as a cooperative learning model also includes class discussion as a vital step, but in
this approach the entire class is involved in preparing and presenting role plays through
group activity.
II. Some principles of using and managing role-plays:
- The more engaging the better. The value of role-plays come from students immersing
themselves in the material.
- Choose a 'hot' topic and stage a debate. Assign students positions on the topic (for/against).
This will get students out of their personality and in...
Using role-plays in teaching speaking by CHL
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Sở GD- ĐT Đồng Nai
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Using Role-plays in
Teaching Speaking
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