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GMAT Verbal Grammar

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GMAT – Verbal - Grammar
March 14th

Comparisons
Used → adjectives & adverbs

Comparative form

Superlative form



More, better, older
(usually used with “than”)



2 Items
 3 items and more
Before will always be “the” or a possessive adjective (my, his, her, your)
+ nothing, a

Fast

Happy

Famous
Beautiful
Quietly
Tender
Narrow
Simpler

+ er
Faster



Most, best, oldest

Adjective / adverb of 1 syllable
+ est
Fastest

Adjective / adverb of 2 syllables + “y” in the end
y → i + er
y → i + est
Happier
Happiest
Adjective of 2 syllables / adjective with 3 syllables & more /
adverb with 2 syllables & more
More (word)
Most (word)

Adjective with 2 syllables with “er”, “ow” in the end
er or more
est or most
Tenderer / more tender
Tenderest / most tender
Narrower / more narrow
Narrowest / most narrow
Simplerer / more simple
Simplerest / most simple
Exceptions
Most

Many
Much

More

Little

Less

Least

Good
Well

Better

Best

Bad
Badly

Worse

Worst

Old

Elder
Older

Eldest (The age of a member of a group)
Oldest

For

Farther
Further

Farthest (For distances)
Furthest (For everything else)

GMAT – Verbal - Grammar
Equality
As (adjective / adverb) as

(-) so (adjective / adverb) as → the sentence must be negative
Double comparisons
Is when you use two different adjectives and / or adverbs.
The more you will practice; the better will be your test results
Rule: - The second part of the sentence has to have an inversion
- Always use “the”
- Do not use in any form of comparisons
> Superior to, inferior to, equal to, similar to, different from
Logical comparisons
Example of illogical comparison:
John’s drawings are as good a his teacher
→ You cannot compare an object (drawing) to people (teacher)
To correct it, add “’s” to the word teacher (teacher’s)
The salary of a teacher is not as high as a lawyer
The salary of a teacher is not as high as that of a lawyer

GMAT – Verbal - Grammar
March 21st

Tenses


Simple (Groups)



Progressive (Group)

Present
Present progressive
I am living in New-York
Rules
1.
2.
3.
4.

At the time of speaking (now, at the moment, still, while)
Around the time of speaking (now, at the moment, still, this/morning, summer, etc)
Actions in progress (changing, developing action) – [The prices are changing]
Planned actions

Present simple
I live in New-York
Rules
1.
2.
3.
4.

General information (without time reference)
Repeated actions (every, always, constantly, often, frequently, usually, sometimes)
Scheduled future actions (Train ti...
GMAT – Verbal - Grammar
March 14th
Comparisons
Used → adjectives & adverbs
Comparative form Superlative form
More, better, older
(usually used with “than”)
Most, best, oldest
2 Items 3 items and more
Before will always be “the” or a possessive adjective (my, his, her, your)
+ nothing, a
Adjective / adverb of 1 syllable
Fast + er + est
Faster Fastest
Adjective / adverb of 2 syllables + “y” in the end
Happy y → i + er y → i + est
Happier Happiest
Adjective of 2 syllables / adjective with 3 syllables & more /
adverb with 2 syllables & more
Famous
Beautiful
Quietly
More (word) Most (word)
Adjective with 2 syllables with “er”, “ow” in the end
Tender
Narrow
Simpler
er or more
Tenderer / more tender
Narrower / more narrow
Simplerer / more simple
est or most
Tenderest / most tender
Narrowest / most narrow
Simplerest / most simple
Exceptions
Many
Much
More Most
Little Less Least
Good
Well
Better Best
Bad
Badly
Worse Worst
Old Elder
Older
Eldest (The age of a member of a group)
Oldest
For Farther
Further
Farthest (For distances)
Furthest (For everything else)
GMAT Verbal Grammar - Trang 2
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