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BIEÂN SOAÏN : NGUYEÃN THÒ THANH TRIEÂU

RELATIVE CLAUSES OR ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
(Meänh ñeà quan heä hay meänh ñeà tính töø)
A. Relative pronouns :
FOR PERSONS
FOR THINGS
& ANIMALS

SUBJECT

OBJECT

POSSESSION

WHO
WHICH

WHO(M)
WHICH

WHOSE
OF WHICH
WHOSE

1. Defining clauses (Restrictive clauses) :
- The scientist who discovered a new planet has won the Nobel prize.
- The old castle which we visited was really interesting.

2. Non-defining clauses (Non-restrictive clauses) :
- Jack , who lives next door to my house , is very handsome.
- The TItanic , which is over 200 miles long , is known as the red planet.

B. Relative adverbs :
WHERE
:
WHEN
:
WHY
:
- I don’t know the reason

in which, in the place , at that place
on the day, at that time
for the reason
why she is absent today.

- She couldn’t remember the place where she was born.

Hoïc nhanh TIEÁNG ANH
THE USAGE OF TENSES
TENSE (Thì)

(Caùch söû duïng caùc thì)

USAGE (Caùch söû duïng)

EXAMPLES (Ví duï)

SIMPLE TENSES (Thì ñôn)

I

SIMPLE
PRESENT

1. General statement or truth
(Söï thaät hieån nhieân khaúng ñònh)

2. Present action
(Haønh ñoäng hieän taïi)

I
½
You ° V
¾
We °
They ¿

He ½
°
She ¾ 
It °¿

V

(always, often, usually, rarely...)
3. Habit in the present
[every(day, week, month, year)]
4. Stative verbs, verbs of perception,
emotion, possession or mental state

s
es*

SIMPLE
PAST

S V

3. We get up at 6 every day.

(Thoùi quen hieän taïi)

(* es : s, x, sh, ch, z, o)

II

1. The sun rises in the East
and sets in the West.
2. My father works in a
bank.

ed
nd

2 column

(Ñoäng töø chæ traïng thaùi, giaùc quan,
tình caûm, sôû höõu hay tinh thaàn)

4. - His propose sounds
wonderful.
- The game begins in 10
minutes.

(know, realize, recognize, doubt,
need, feel, taste, see, sound,
smell, envy, want, possess,
belong, exist, cost,…)
1. An action happening at a definite
time in the past

1. Mary saw that film last
night.

(Haønh ñoäng xaûy ra vaøo thôøi ñieåm
xaùc ñònh trong quaù khöù)

[last night, yesterday, last (week,
month, year, …)]
2. A completed action in the past
(Haønh ñoäng hoaøn taát trong quaù khöù)

(ago)
3. Historical facts or past events
(Söï kieän lòch söû hay söï kieän trong

2. His uncle lived in Hanoi
5 years ago.
3. Ñieän Bieân Phuû battle
happened in 1954.

quaù khöù)

III

SIMPLE
FUTURE

Shall½
¾ 
Will ¿

V (- to)

- An action or state in the future.
(Haønh ñoäng hoaëc traïng thaùi ôû
töông lai)

[tomorrow, next (week, month, year)]
2

- The students will have a
test ...
BIEÂN SOAÏN :
NGUYEÃN THÒ THANH TRIEÂU
A. Relative pronouns :
SUBJECT OBJECT POSSESSION
FOR PERSONS
WHO WHO(M) WHOSE
FOR THINGS
& ANIMALS
WHICH WHICH OF WHICH
WHOSE
B. Relative adverbs :
WHERE : in which, in the place, at that place
WHEN : on the day, at that time
WHY : for the reason
- I don’t know the reason why she is absent today.
- She couldn’t remember the place where she was born.
1. Defining clauses (Restrictive clauses) :
- The scientist who discovered a new planet has won the Nobel prize.
- The old castle which we visited was really interesting.
2. Non-defining clauses (Non-restrictive clauses) :
- Jack , who lives next door to my house , is very handsome.
- The TItanic , which is over 200 miles long , is known as the red
planet.
RELATIVE CLAUSES OR ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
(Meänh ñeà quan heä hay meänh ñeà tính töø)
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