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could adapt to humans in charge. Puppies in
particular would be hard to resist, as they are
today. Thus was a union born and a process of
domestication begun.

F Over the millennia, admission of certain
wolves and protodogs into human camps and
exclusion of larger, more threatening ones led
to the development of people-friendly breeds
distinguishable from wolves by size, shape,
coat, ears and markings. Dogs were generally
smaller than wolves, their snouts
proportionally reduced. TIley would assist in
the hunt, clean up camp by eating garbage,
warn of danger, keep humans warm, and serve
as food. Native Americans among others ate
puppies, and in some societies it remains
accepted practice.

G By the fourth millennium BC Egyptian rock
and j2o.t.tm drawings show dogs being put to
work by men. Then, as now, the relationship
was not without drawbacks. ~ dogs r?J!p.$.d
city streets, stealing food from people returning
from market. Despite their penchant for
misbehaviour, and sometimes bec;Ise of it,
dogs keep turning up at all the important
junctures in human history.


H In ancient Greece, 350 years before Christ,

Aristotle described three types of domesticated
dogs, including speedy Laconians used by the
rich to chase and kill rabbits and deer. Three
hundred years later, Roman warriors trained

large dogs for battle. The brutes could knock
an armed man from his horse and dismember
I In seventeenth-century England, dogs still

worked, pulling carts, sleds, and ploughs,
herding livestock, or working as turn-spits,
powering wheels that turned beef and venison
over open fires. But working dogs were not
much loved and were usually hanged or
drowned when they got old. 'Unnecessary' dogs
meanwhile gained status among English
royalty. King James I was said to love his dogs
more than his subjects. Charles II was famous
for playing with his dog at Council table, and
his brother James had dogs at sea in 1682 when
his ship was caught in a storm. As sailors
drowned, he allegedly cried out, 'Save the dogs
and Colonel 'Churchill!'

J By the late nineteenth century the passion for
breeding led to the creation of private registries
to protect prized bloodlines. The Kennel Club
was formed in England in 1873, and eleven
years later the American Kennel Club (AKC)
was formed across the Atlantic. Today the AKC
registers 150 breeds, the Kennel Club lists 196,
and the Europe-based Federation Cynologique
Internationale recognizes many more. Dog
shows sprou...
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