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Toelf book

Được đăng lên bởi Kim Phung
Số trang: 104 trang   |   Lượt xem: 812 lần   |   Lượt tải: 1 lần
CONTENTS
PREFACE

ii

INTODUCTION

iii

1.

IMPROVING READING SPEED AND COMPREHENSION …………

4

2.

PREVIEWING ……………………………………………………………..

24

3.

FINDING MAIN IDEAS …………………………………..……………….

34

4.

PREDICTING ………………………………………………………………

45

5.

GUESSING WORD MEANING …………………………………………..

52

6.

REFERENCE AND VOCABULARY QUESTIONS .……………………

63

7.

FINDING OUT THE CORRECT SEQUENCE ………………………….

74

8.

COMPARISON – CONTRAST……….…………………………………...

83

9.

CAUSE AND EFFECT …………………………………………………….

89

10. CLASSIFICATION …………………………………………………………

95

PREFACE

This book is written as an attempt to develop English teaching materials for ITB undergraduates.
The emphasis of these materials is on improving student‟ reading skills required for reading textbooks
or other references relevant to their own specialization.
This teaching material consists of teen sections, and is a result of research on students‟
familiarity, difficulty, and interest to certain activity types, designed from the conventional types of
exercises to the most innovative ones.
The writing of this book has been made possible with the support of the University of Leeds, UPT
Pusat Bahasa ITB. and English teaching staff – SOSIOTEKNOLOGI – FSRD - ITB.

Bandung,

July 2001

1 IMPROVING READING SPEED AND COMPREHENSION
Based on our experience, there are many Indonesian students who read word by word and they stop reading when they
find difficult words. They believe that they can interpret the text if they understand every word. They also translate
while they are reading. In fact, good readers do not read word by word but read groups of words and they guess
difficult words contextually.
Therefore, we have designed this lesson in order to help you become a faster reader and better reader. Why should you
read faster? The answer is a faster reader is a better reader. In other words, a slow reader is likely to read with poor
understanding. He or she tends to focus on unfamiliar (difficult) words and fails to grasp the general meaning of the
passage.
According to Spargo (1989:4), it is not true that fast readers will miss something or that their comprehension might suffer.
The reasons are:
1.

2.

Faster readers comprehend faster. When you read faster, the writer‟s message is coming to you faster and makes
sense sooner. Ideas are interconnected. The writer‟s thoughts are all tied together, each one leading to the next. The
more quickly you can see how ideas are related to each other, the more quickly you can comprehe...
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