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TOPIK ESSENTIAL

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TOPIK Essential 150 Intermediate Grammar Notes
Prepared by: Alex Lintzenich for 
Grammar
-(느)ㄴ다고 해도

-(느)ㄴ다기보다(는)

-(느)ㄴ다는 것이

-(느)ㄴ다면

-(으)ㄴ 감이 있다

-(으)ㄴ 지
N(Time)이/가
되다/넘다/지나다

-(으)ㄴ 채(로)

-(으)ㄴ/는

-(으)ㄴ/는 것 같다

-(으)ㄴ/는 대신(에)

-(으)ㄴ/는 데다가

Used
With
V/A/N(
I)

Usage
When P1 context does not affect
P2 result

Similar Phrases

Notes

-아/어 봤자

V/A/N(
I)

Used to indicate that it is better to
say P2 rather than P1 (rather than
P1, P2 is a better reason/option)

V

Explains the situation when the
intention and result differ (I should
have P1 but P2 happened)

-Indicates speaker's intention
-Can't use
Imperative/suggestive

V/A/N(
I)

-To show a condition or assume
something (hypothetical) that has
not happened yet (assuming
different situation)
-Used to refer to hypothetical
situations either contrary to what
happened in the past or what is
happening in the present

-Lower probability of happening
than -(으)면
-Usually -겠어요/-(으)ㄹ
거에요/-(으)ㄹ 텐데 occur at end

A

To express certain feeling or
thoughts that spring from seeing
something

-(으)ㄴ 감이
없지 않다

Used to say how much time has
passed after doing something

-(으)ㄴ 지 오래
되다 been a
long time
-(으)ㄴ 지 얼마
안 되다 hasn't
been a long
time

N is always a time noun

-When used
with -아/어 놓다
or -아/어두다
the 로 is
dropped

-Can use with verbs indicating
wearing things on your body
-Can use for continuation of
emotional state
-Incomplete/Complete actions
can be used
-Not used to describe naturally
expected situations

V

V

Used when certain action is taken
in the process of another action
(P1), focus is on the resulting state
that continues

-When used in the past the
action has already ended
-Expresses only the simple past
with no recollection

V/A/N(
I)

An expression that modifes the
following noun

V/A/N(
I)

-To guess through a certain fact or
situation
-To express a thought or an
opinion
-"looks like" "appears that"

V/A/N(
I)

-Used when changing P1's matter
into P2 (Since P1 ____ instead P2)
-Used to reward P2's matter due
to P1 (Because P1, P2 <reward>
can happen)

P1's action can either be
replaced by another action or
that another action can
compensate for P1's action

V/A/N(
I)

Used to add (phrases should be
related and be able to be
connected by 그래서 or 그러니까)
information from P2 to P1 (as well
as)

-Subject should be the same
-N-에다거 used to indicate the
noun in following clause is
added to P1, it can also indicate
location

-나 보다 (1)
-(으)ㄴ/는
모양이다 (1)
-(으)ㄴ/는
듯하다 (1)

-(으)ㄹ
뿐(만)아니라

V/A/N(
I)

To spec...
TOPIK Essential 150 Intermediate Grammar Notes
Prepared by: Alex Lintzenich for www.topikguide.com
Grammar
GrammarGrammar
Grammar
Used
Used Used
Used
With
WithWith
With
Usage
UsageUsage
Usage
Similar Phrases
Similar PhrasesSimilar Phrases
Similar Phrases
Notes
NotesNotes
Notes
-(느)ㄴ다고 해도
V/A/N(
I)
When P1 context does not affect
P2 result
-아/어 봤자
-(느)ㄴ다기보다(는)
V/A/N(
I)
Used to indicate that it is better to
say P2 rather than P1 (rather than
P1, P2 is a better reason/option)
-(느)ㄴ다는 것이 V
Explains the situation when the
intention and result differ (I should
have P1 but P2 happened)
-Indicates speaker's intention
-Can't use
Imperative/suggestive
-(느)ㄴ다면
V/A/N(
I)
-To show a condition or assume
something (hypothetical) that has
not happened yet (assuming
different situation)
-Used to refer to hypothetical
situations either contrary to what
happened in the past or what is
happening in the present
-Lower probability of happening
than -(으)면
-Usually -겠어요/-(으)ㄹ
거에요/-(으)ㄹ 텐데 occur at end
-(으)ㄴ 감이 있다 A
To express certain feeling or
thoughts that spring from seeing
something
-(으)ㄴ 감이
없지 않다
-(으)ㄴ 지
N(Time)이/
되다/넘다/지나다
V
Used to say how much time has
passed after doing something
-(으)ㄴ 지 오
되다 been a
long time
-(으)ㄴ 지 얼
안 되다 hasn't
been a long
time
N is always a time noun
-(으)ㄴ 채(로) V
Used when certain action is taken
in the process of another action
(P1), focus is on the resulting state
that continues
-When used
with -아/어 놓
or -아/어두다
the 로 is
dropped
-Can use with verbs indicating
wearing things on your body
-Can use for continuation of
emotional state
-Incomplete/Complete actions
can be used
-Not used to describe naturally
expected situations
-(으)ㄴ/는
V/A/N(
I)
An expression that modifes the
following noun
-When used in the past the
action has already ended
-Expresses only the simple past
with no recollection
-(으)ㄴ/는 것 같다
V/A/N(
I)
-To guess through a certain fact or
situation
-To express a thought or an
opinion
-"looks like" "appears that"
-나 보다 (1)
-(으)ㄴ/는
모양이다 (1)
-(으)ㄴ/는
듯하다 (1)
-(으)ㄴ/는 대신(에)
V/A/N(
I)
-Used when changing P1's matter
into P2 (Since P1 ____ instead P2)
-Used to reward P2's matter due
to P1 (Because P1, P2 <reward>
can happen)
P1's action can either be
replaced by another action or
that another action can
compensate for P1's action
-(으)ㄴ/는 데다
V/A/N(
I)
Used to add (phrases should be
related and be able to be
connected by 그래서 or 그러니까)
information from P2 to P1 (as well
as)
-(으)ㄹ
뿐(만)아니
-Subject should be the same
-N-에다거 used to indicate the
noun in following clause is
added to P1, it can also indicate
location
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