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TỪ VỰNG TIẾNG ANH CHỦ YẾU CHO KÌ THI B1

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VOCABULARY LIST
Preliminary English Test (PET)
Preliminary English Test for Schools (PETfS)

PET Vocabulary List
©UCLES 2009

Introduction to the PET Vocabulary List
The PET Vocabulary List gives teachers a guide to the vocabulary needed when preparing
students for the PET and PET for Schools examinations.
Background to the List
The PET Vocabulary List was originally developed by Cambridge ESOL in consultation
with external consultants to guide item writers who produce materials for the PET
examination. It includes vocabulary from the Council of Europe’s Threshold (1990)
specification and other vocabulary which corpus evidence shows is high-frequency.
The list covers vocabulary appropriate to this level of English and includes receptive
vocabulary (words that the candidate is expected to understand but which is not the focus
of a question) and productive vocabulary (words that the candidate needs to know to
answer a question).
The list does not provide an exhaustive list of all words which appear on the PET and PET
for Schools question papers and candidates should not confine their study of vocabulary to
the list alone.
How the List is Updated
The vocabulary of English changes over time, with words being added and other words
falling into disuse. In order to maintain its currency, the PET Vocabulary List is updated on
an annual basis by the addition and removal of words, using a corpus-based approach.
Suggested additions to the list are collated and the frequency of these words is obtained
by reference to established corpora (electronic databases). The corpora in question
represent receptive and productive language in general contexts. The main corpora used
for the validation of the PET Vocabulary List are:
• the Cambridge Learner Corpus (CLC), which includes over 20 million words of written
learner English at six levels;
• the British National Corpus (BNC), which includes 100 million words of written and
spoken native speaker data.
Organisation of the List
• Word sets
Some categories of words that a learner at this level might be expected to know are not
included in the alphabetical list but are listed separately. Words formed with common
affixes, some compounds and words from some common word sets, e.g. days of the week,
are described below and in Appendix 1. Although some ‘grammar words’ (pronouns,
modals, etc.) are included, the ‘Language Specification’ section of the PET and PET for
Schools Handbook (available from from ) should ...
PET Vocabulary List
©UCLES 2009
VOCABULARY LIST
Preliminary English Test (PET)
Preliminary English Test for Schools (PETfS)
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