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A guide to learning agroforestry

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A Guide to
Learning Agroforestry
A framework for
developing agroforestry curricula in
Southeast Asia

Editors
Per G Rudebjer
Peter Taylor
Romulo A Del Castillo

Training and Education Report No. 51
2001

Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry Education (SEANAFE)
I N T E R N A T I O N A L CENTRE FOR RESEARCH IN A G R O F O R E S T R Y

Published in 2001

The Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry Education (SEANAFE) is
supported by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).

Rudebjer P, Taylor P, Del Castillo RA, eds. 2001. A guide to learning agroforestry.
A framework for developing agroforestry curricula in Southeast Asia.
Training and Education Report No. 51. Bogor: ICRAF.

Published by:
International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
Southeast Asia Regional Research Programme
PO Box 161, Bogor, Indonesia
Tel: +62 251 625415; fax: +62 251 625416, email: icraf-indonesia@cgiar.org
ICRAF SEA website: http://www.icraf.cgiar.org/sea
Cover photo credit: Thomas P Tomich (background)
Per G Rudebjer (insets)
Cover design and layout: Tikah Atikah
Illustrations: Wiyono

Contents
PREFACE

III

LIST OF ACRONYMS

V

INTRODUCING THE GUIDE

I

W H Y is THIS GUIDE NEEDED?

3

Agroforestry education in Southeast Asia

3

How the guide was developed

4

Using the guide

6

PART I — C U R R I C U L U M D E V E L O P M E N T A N D T E A C H I N G M E T H O D S

I I

CHAPTER I. A D U L T LEARNING A N D PARTICIPATORY CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT

I I

Adult learning

11

Participatory approaches in curriculum development

13

CHAPTER 2. PARTICIPATORY CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT FOR AGROFORESTRY

17

The participatory curriculum development cycle

17

Stakeholder analysis

19

Situation analysis and training needs assessment

22

Setting the aims and objectives

28

Planning the curriculum

30

Implementing the curriculum

34

Evaluation of the curriculum

55

References

60

PART I I — F R A M E W O R K FOR AGROFORESTRY CURRICULA

63

CHAPTER 3. DEVELOPING A N D REVIEWING AGROFORESTRY CURRICULA

65

A tool for curriculum planning

65

Overview of the agroforestry curriculum framework

66

The professional profile

67

CHAPTER 4. CONCEPTS A N D PRINCIPLES OF AGROFORESTRY

71

Evolution of agroforestry

71

Tree-crops-soil interactions

73

Agroforestry and rural livelihood: subsistence production and cash income

76

Environmental services in agroforestry systems

79

Social and economic considerations of agroforestry

82

Agroforestry in the landscape

83
...