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Croatian

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Croatian

CROATIAN

© Lonely Planet Publications

croatian & serbian alphabets
croatian

serbian

croatian

serbian

croatian

serbian

croatian

serbian

Aa
a
Bb
be
Cc
tse
Čč
tch
Ćć
ch
Dd
de
Dž dž
dzh
Đđ
j

Аа

Ee
e
Ff
ef
Gg
ge
Hh
ha
Ii
i
Jj
y
Kk
ka
Ll
el

Ee

Lj lj
l‘
Mm
em
Nn
en
Nj nj
n‘
Oo
o
Pp
pe
Rr
er
Ss
es

Љљ

Šš
sh
Tt
te
Uu
u
Vv
ve
Zz
zed
Žž
zh

Шш

Бб
Цц
Чч
Ћћ
Дд
Џџ
ђђ

Фф
Гг
Xx
Ии
Jj
Кк
Лл

Мм
Нн
Њњ
Оо
Пп

Тт

Вв
Зз
Жж

Рр
Сс

200 km
100 mi

Slovenia

CRO ATI A
Zagreb

Istria

Rijeka

Krk
Cres
Pag

BOSNIA &
HERCEGOVINA

HR VATSK I

ia

at
lm

Dugi O.

AD

Danube

Novi Sad

Banja Luka

Da

Zadar

Romania

Sav Osijek
a

RI

AT

Sarajevo

Belgrade

Brač
MONTENEGRO
Vis Hvar
Nikšić
Korčula Dubrovnik
Kosovo
Mljet
(Serbia)
IC
Podgorica

SE

Danube

S E R BIA

Split

Niš

A
Macedonia

Italy

Bulgaria

S

Did you know that the words Dalmatian and cravat come from Croatian (hrvatski
hr·vat·ski), which is also referred to as Serbo-Croatian? Croatian isn’t really a separate language from Serbian or Bosnian. Linguists commonly refer to the varieties
spoken in Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Montenegro and Serbia with the umbrella
term ‘Serbo-Croatian’ while acknowledging dialectical differences between them.
Croats, Serbs and Bosnians themselves generally maintain that they speak different
languages, however – a reflection of their desire to retain separate ethnic identities.
As the language of about 5 million people in one of the world’s newest countries,
Croatian has an intriguing, cosmopolitan and at times fraught history. Its linguistic
ancestor was brought to the region in the 6th and 7th centuries by the South Slavs,
who may have crossed the Danube from the area now known as Poland. This ancestral language split off into two branches: East South Slavic, which later evolved into
Bulgarian and Macedonian, and West South Slavic, of which Slovene, Serbian and
Croatian are all descendants.
Croatia may be a peaceful country today but the Balkan region to which it belongs
has a long history of invasion and conflict. These upheavals have enriched and politicised the language. The invasion by Charlemagne’s armies and the conversion of
Croats to the Roman Church in AD 803 left its mark on Croatian in the form of words
borrowed from Latin and the adoption of the Latin alphabet rather than the Cyrillic
alphabet (with which Serbian is written). Subsequent invasions by the Hapsburg,
Ottoman and Venetian empires added vibrancy to the language through an influx of
Germa...
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