Development of professional expertise

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Development of Professional Expertise
Professionals such as medical doctors, airplane pilots, lawyers, and technical
specialists find that some of their peers have reached high levels of achievement
that are difficult to measure objectively. In order to understand to what extent
it is possible to learn from these expert performers for the purpose of helping
others improve their performance, we first need to reproduce and measure this
performance. This book is designed to provide the first comprehensive overview
of research on the acquisition and training of professional performance as measured by objective methods rather than by subjective ratings by supervisors. In this
collection of articles, the world’s foremost experts discuss methods for assessing
the expert’s knowledge and review how we measure professional performance and
design-training environments that permit beginning and experienced professionals to develop and maintain their high levels of performance, using examples from
a wide range of professional domains.
K. Anders Ericsson, PhD, is presently Conradi Eminent Scholar and Professor of
Psychology at Florida State University. For the last 30 years he has studied the
development of expert performance in domains such as music, chess, medicine,
business, and sports and how expert performers attain their superior performance by acquiring complex cognitive mechanisms and physiological adaptations
through extended deliberate practice. He has edited several books on expertise,
including Toward a General Theory of Expertise (1991), The Road to Excellence: The
Acquisition of Expert Performance in the Arts and Sciences, Sports, and Games (1996),
and the influential Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance
(2006). His research has been recently featured in The New York Times, Scientific
American, Fortune magazine, New Scientist, and Time magazine. He is a Fellow of
the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Science,
and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences.

Development of Professional
Toward Measurement of Expert
Performance and Design of Optimal
Learning Environments
Edited by

K. Anders Ericsson
Florida State University


Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore,
São Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo
Cambridge University Press
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK
Published in the United Sta...
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