Được đăng lên bởi bai-tap-lon
Số trang: 8 trang   |   Lượt xem: 659 lần   |   Lượt tải: 0 lần
Saturday, OctOber 17, 2009

Copyright © 2009 The New York Times

Une sélection hebdomadaire offerte par

Real Peace
Is Elusive

Tyler Hicks/GeTTy imaGes

President Obama is still struggling to resolve issues that were simmering beneath the surface when a Northern alliance soldier cheered the defeat of the Taliban in kabul in 2001.

A reporter recalls

the glow of our satellite phones be seen lest
rOM THe rOOFTOp of a mud
we attract Taliban fire. The only other light
house overlooking the Shomali
in view came from the headlights of a long
plain, the white explosions in the
string of vehicles across the valley ferrying
distance and the red streak of artilcivilians away from the bombing.
lery fire and the occasional thunderThat was eight years ago and never
baker on that night, as we watched the might
claps echoing across the valley announced the start of America’s war
of the world’s most powerful nation
in Afghanistan.
rain down on the primitive army of solBut for the munitions, it was as dark a
diers clad in rags and sandals, did it occur to
night as can be imagined on that cool Ocus that America so many years later would
tober evening. We were warned not to use
still be trying to figure out how to win — or
flashlights or light up a cigarette or even let whether it even could. The journey from the


when victory
was at hand in
Afghanistan. It
seems so long ago.

world trends

A clearance sale
for heroin.


science & technology

Seeking da Vinci’s
lost masterpiece.

rugged village of Topdara to the halls of the
White House is a quintessential story about
the limits of power and imagination.
That was brought home in stark terms
as president Obama won the Nobel peace
prize just hours before meeting with advisers in the Situation room to discuss escalating a war that has yet to be won. The
lessons of the last eight years suggest that
no matter what choice he makes and no
matter what the Nobel committee in Oslo


Continued on Page 4

Arts & styles

A headless Mao
attracts censors.


i n t e l l i g en c e: t h e s m a r t c h o i ce fo r e .U. p res i d e nt , Page 2 .

relax, It’s Just Stress
If you think you’re stressed, consider
the walrus.
As their sea-ice habitat shrinks, the
creatures are being
pressed ever closer,
raising adrenaline
and anxiety to dangerous levels. Last
month, The Times
reported, tempers
flared in a colony
near Icy Cape, Alaska, and 131 walruses
were crushed in a panicked stampede.
Walruses are not alon...
Unesélection hebdomadaire offerte par
Saturday,OctOber 17,2009
Copyright©2009The New York Times
If youthinkyou’restressed, consider
As theirsea-ice habitatshrinks, the
creaturesare being
pressed ever closer,
andanxiety to dan-
gerous levels. Last
month,The Times
reported, tempers
flared inacolony
near IcyCape, Alas-
ka,and 131walruses
were crushedinapanickedsta mpede.
Walruses arenot aloneintheir
overreaction to stress.Whether in
primordialooze, ameltingecosystem
or acollapsing jobmarket, animalsare
hard-wired to either fightorflee, as
brainchemicals andhormones spike
accordingtoreal, or imagined, threats.
forexaggeratingthe imagined ones.
As NatalieAngierwrote in The
Times,“humans canthinktoo much,
extractingphantom threatsfromevery
Therisk, shewrote,isthat thestressre-
from asaber-toothedtiger, becomes
harmful ifit neverletsup. Like labrats
crammedintocrowded cages, anxious
humans risk developing compulsive
thoughtpatternsand physical ailments.
Some of those compulsive patterns
persistduringsleep. With thedown-
turn intheeconomy, American dentists
toothgrinding, asubconscious muscle
activityrelatedtostress. Most grind-
ersare unawareofthe problem,until a
toothfragments,The Times reported.
Once again,thefault lies as much in
ourprimordialancestorsasour mod-
“Stress, whetherit’srea lorper-
ceived, causes fight-or-flight hormones
to release inthebody,’’ Dr.Matthew
Messina, adentist inCleveland, told
TheTimes.“Those releasedstresshor-
mones mobilize energy, cause isomet-
ricactivity, whichismusclemovement,
because that built-up energyhas to be
Downturnor not,someofthose tooth
grinders mayhavebeen“wiredtowor-
ry’’ sincebirth,accordingtoThe Times
of psychologyatHarvard University,
hasbeenstudyingthe personality
traitsofagroup of peoplesince1989,
when they were allinfants.One known
as Baby 19caught hisattention from the
start. Shewasfidgetyand fearful and
unraveled withchangesofany kind,
whethernew sounds,sightsorpeople.
Like ma ny otheroverlyreactiveinfants
Mr.Kaganstudied, Baby 19 grew up to
be ahigh- strung youngwomanwith a
social anxietydisorder andaconst ant
sense of impendingdoom.
Brainscans of suchpeoplerevea lhy-
peractivityin theamygdala, thecenter
of thebrain relatedto, as onemight sus-
pect,primitive fightorflightresponses.
Thegood news isthat we canundo
persistently compulsive patterns.
Unlikethe ill-fated, stressed-out wal-
ruses of IcyCape, some of Dr.Kagan’s
hyper-reactive subjectsbenefited from
cognitivetherapy that rechanneled
theirthought patternsawayfromthe
constant grindoffearand anxiety.
“Inner strugglespulledatmefor
years,’’ onewrote at thewiseold age
of 13,“untilIwas able to just letgoand
calm myself.’’
rlx, I’s Js Sss
Aclearance sa le
SeekingdaVin ci’s
lost masterpiece.
A &yl
attracts censors.
ll: hesmart choicefor .U. president, Page 2.
Forcomments, writetonytweekly@
OM THOOFTO of amud
house overlooking theShomali
lain, thewhite explosionsinthe
distance andthe redstreakofartil-
lery fire andthe occasional thunder-
claps echoing across thevalley an-
nouncedthe startofAmerica’s war
in Afghanistan.
Butfor themunitions, it wasasdarka
nightascanbeimagined on that cool Oc-
tobereve ning. We were warned nottouse
flashlights or lightupacigarette or even let
theglo wofour satellitephones be seen lest
we attractTalibanfire.The only otherlight
in view ca me from theheadlights of along
string of vehicles across thevalley ferrying
civiliansawayfromthe bombing.
That waseight yearsago andnev er
on that night,aswe watched themight
of thewor ld ’s mostpowerful nation
rain downon theprimitive army of sol-
dierscladinragsand sandals, diditoccur to
us that Americasomanyyears laterwould
still be trying to figure out howtowin —or
whetheritevencould.The journeyfromthe
ruggedvillageofTopdara to thehalls of the
WhiteHouse is aquintessentialst oryabout
thelimitsofpowerand imagination.
That wasbrought home in starkterms
as residen tObama wonthe Nobeleace
rize just hoursbefore meetingwithad-
visers in theSituation oom to discusses-
calatingawarthat hasyet to be won. The
lessonsofthe last eight yearssuggest that
no matter what choice he makesand no
matter what theNobel committeeinOslo
when victory
Afghanistan. It
seemssolongago .
ba ker
Real Peace
Is El us iv e
TylerHicks/GeT Ty imaGes
PdntOb  t tuggngtoov uthtwng bnth thuf whn Nothnanod hdth dft of thTbn n kbun2001.
Le.Monde.NY.Times.Edition.October.17.2009 - Trang 2
Để xem tài liệu đầy đủ. Xin vui lòng
Le.Monde.NY.Times.Edition.October.17.2009 - Người đăng: bai-tap-lon
5 Tài liệu rất hay! Được đăng lên bởi - 1 giờ trước Đúng là cái mình đang tìm. Rất hay và bổ ích. Cảm ơn bạn!
8 Vietnamese
Le.Monde.NY.Times.Edition.October.17.2009 9 10 410