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Northeast England

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N O R T H E A S T E N G L A N D • • O r i e n t a t i o n & I n f o r m a t i o n 617

Orientation & Information

0
0

ope
Bu
rn

ite

Lammerm

ad
de
rHills
uir W
ate
r
Duns

Chirnside

ed

Tw
e

A698

Norham
Castle

Coldstream

Kirk

A697 Yetholm

t
vio
Te

Farne
Islands

Ford

Wooler

Seahouses

A1

Alnwick

A68

Alnmouth

Northumberland
National Park

NORTHUMBERLAND

r

d
Li

A1068

Kielder
Water

Blyth

A696

Northumberland

en

55ºN
South Shields

Caldron
Snout

T

A66

h
e

ne

s

Tebay

Kirkby
Stephen

Barnard Castle

ni

Newbigginon-Line

Peterlee

Crook

Frosterley
A167
Bishop
Langdon
DURHAM
Auckland
Beck
Newbiggin
Hamsterley
High
West
Forest
Force Middleton- Hamsterley
Forest
Auckland
in-Teesdale e
Raby
s
Pierce
Castle
Bridge

Brough

M6

Wolsingham

en

Coupland

A68

Stanhope

Sedgefield

Bowes
ta
Gr e

Yorkshire Dales
National Park

„ AREA: 3320 SQ MILES
Swaledale

Hartlepool

A19

Stocktonon-Tees

P

Appleby

Seaham

Te

Durham

Sunderland

Durham

nines

B6277

B6278

Pen

Nenthead

Newcastleupon-Tyne

umberland National Park (p641)

A695

Wallsend

Blanchland Edmundbyers

Ireshopeburn

„ Hiking to the top of the Cheviot in North-

„ POPULATION: 2.5 MILLION

Killhope

A686

„ Going Norman in Durham (p627), whose

cathedral is a spectacular World Heritage
Site

Allenheads

rth

Ed
Hadrian's Wall

A69

Newcastleupon-Tyne

See Hadrian's Wall & Northumberland NP Map (p633) Beamish OpenAir Museum
Derwent
Allendale
Consett A693
Reservoir
Stanley
CUMBRIA
Alston

sand beaches of Northumberland (p637)

Corbridge
e
Tyn

Hexham

No

Northumberland
NP

A69
Haltwhistle

Brampton

„ Walking like a Roman – hiking along the

Whitley Bay
Tynemouth

all
Hadrian's W

Redcar
Billingham
Middlesbrough

Saltburnby-the-Sea
Loftus

Guisborough

Darlington
Egglescliffe

A66
Richmond
Reeth

A1
Scotch
Corner
NORTH
YORKSHIRE
Catterick

Stokesley
Cleveland
Hills
C

Danby
Castleton
North
l
York Moors
il
H
National Park
and
s

aka taking on Newcastle’s wild nightlife
(p624)

To Bergen, Gothenburg
& Ijmuiden

Belsay
Newcastle

To Penrith (15mi);
Ravenglass
all
(65mi) drian's W
Ha

„ Gettin’ doon in toon with a bottle of dog,

fabulous day out at the Beamish Open Air
Museum (p630)

Ashington

Morpeth
Kirkharle

HIGHLIGHTS

„ Reliving Durham’s industrial history during a

Warkworth
Amble

Rothbury

Border
de
ForestNorthumberland
National Park
Park

A68

stunning Hadrian’s Wall (p632)

Low Newtonby-the-Sea
Dunstanburgh Castle
Craster

Embleton

A697

Jedburgh

North
Sea

Bambu...
NORTHEAST ENGLAND
NORTHEAST ENGLAND
lonelyplanet.com NORTHEAST ENGLAND •• Orientation & Information
As far removed from London and the genteel pleasures of England’s pastures green as you
could imagine, the northeast has always been frontier country – passionate, independent and
generally isolated from the rest of the island below. Its brooding beauty is in evidence throughout
the epic countryside, from the windswept coastline lined with long empty beaches punctuated
by lonely castles to the vast sweep of the interior, home to the heather-carpeted Cheviots and
the awe-inspiring wilderness of Northumberland National Park, which stretches to the North
Pennines. Beyond them is Scotland, the other actor in an 800-year-old historical drama of war,
bloodshed and conquest: no wonder the folks up here have a reputation for being hardy.
It’s been tough round these parts since prehistory, and it’s taken an almost superhuman
effort to leave a mark on this indomitable landscape. The Romans were especially successful;
their legacy is the magnificent Hadrian’s Wall, which served as their empire’s northern frontier
for nearly 300 years. The Normans weren’t half bad either: they dotted the landscape with
more castles and built one of the most beautiful cathedrals in the world. Against their splendid
backdrops, these marvellous constructions serve only to reinforce an impression of a landscape
that hasn’t changed all that much since it was part of the ancient kingdom of Northumbria.
If you look closely, however, you will see that the landscape is run through with dark, men-
acing scars: dotted throughout are the rusting hulks of an industry that drove this region for
nearly 700 years. Mining is all but defunct now, yet the cities it built are still very much alive,
none more so than Newcastle, one of the most dynamic urban centres in England.
Northeast England
Orientation & Information
The Pennine hills are the dominant geologi-
cal feature, forming a north–south spine that
divides the region from Cumbria and Lanca-
shire in the west and provides the source of
major rivers such as the Tees and the Tyne.
The major transport routes are east of this
spine, from Durham northwards to Newcastle
and Edinburgh. Newcastle is an important
ferry port for Scandinavia (see p625 for de-
tails). There’s a northeast region website at
www.thenortheast.com.
Activities
With the rugged moors of the Pennines and
stunning seascape of the Northumberland
POPULATION: 2.5 MILLION AREA : 3320 SQ MILES
HIGHLIGHTS
Gettin’ doon in toon with a bottle of dog,
aka taking on Newcastle’s wild nightlife
( p624 )
Walking like a Roman – hiking along the
stunning Hadrian’s Wall ( p632 )
Castle-spotting along the blustery white-
sand beaches of Northumberland ( p637 )
Reliving Durham’s industrial history during a
fabulous day out at the Beamish Open Air
Museum ( p630 )
Going Norman in Durham (p627), whose
cathedral is a spectacular World Heritage
Site
Hiking to the top of the Cheviot in North-
umberland National Park ( p641 )
Northumberland
upon-Tyne
NP
Hadrian's Wall
Northumberland
Newcastle-
Durham
Swaledale
Northumberland National Park
Hamsterley Forest
S
oonhope Burn
Whiteadder Water
Hadrian's Wall
L
i
d
d
e
l
W
a
t
e
r
Yorkshire Dales
National Park
North
York Moors
National Park
Border
Forest
Park
Northumberland
National Park
Hamsterley
Forest
Newcastle
Dunstanburgh Castle
Scotch
Corner
Raby
Castle
Barnard Castle
Belford
Wolsingham
Corbridge
Redcar
Ashington
Blyth
Allenheads
Nenthead
Edmundbyers
Stanhope
Pierce
Bridge
Castleton
Newbiggin-
on-Line
Bamburgh
Crookham
Richmond
Egglescliffe
Alston
Saltburn-
by-the-Sea
Craster
Bellingham
Allendale
Danby
Eyemouth
Embleton
Guisborough
Earlston
Duns
Low Newton-
by-the-Sea
Kirkharle
Haltwhistle
Ireshopeburn
Langdon
Beck
Stokesley
Seahouses
Ford
St Boswell's
West
Auckland
Amble
Bowes
Reeth
Crook
Kirk
Yetholm
Belsay
Alnmouth
Warkworth
Blanchland
Tebay
Coupland
Loftus
Appleby
Stanley
Middleton-
in-Teesdale
Brough
Sedgefield
Etal
Rothbury
Chirnside
Jedburgh
Frosterley
Killhope
Bishop
Auckland
Newbiggin
Catterick
Kirkby
Stephen
Hexham
Morpeth
Melrose
Berwick-
upon-
Tweed
Wooler
Seaham
Billingham
Kelso
Coldstream
Peterlee
Hartlepool
Stockton-
on-Tees
Consett
Brampton
Whitley Bay
Wallsend
Middlesbrough
Durham
Tynemouth
South Shields
Darlington
Alnwick
Sunderland
Newcastle-
upon-Tyne
High
Force
Norham
Castle
Caldron
Snout
Cleveland
Hills
L
a
m
m
e
r
m
u
i
r
H
i
l
l
s
C
l
e
v
e
l
a
n
d
H
i
l
l
s
T
h
e
P
e
n
n
i
n
e
s
N
o
r
t
h
P
e
n
n
i
n
e
s
North
Sea
CUMBRIA
NORTHUMBERLAND
DURHAM
NORTH
YORKSHIRE
SCOTLAND
Holy
Island
Farne
Islands
Kielder
Water
Derwent
Reservoir
To Bergen, Gothenburg
& Ijmuiden
Beamish Open-
Air Museum
55ºN
1ºW
T
e
v
i
o
t
T
e
e
s
R
e
d
e
G
r
e
t
a
T
i
l
l
T
w
e
e
d
E
d
e
n
T
y
n
e
H
a
d
r
i
a
n
'
s
W
a
l
l
A1
A697
A697
A68
A696
A68
A1
A68
A66
M6
A66
B6278
B6277
A686
A69
A69
A695
A1068
A19
A167
A698
A693
See Hadrian's Wall & Northumberland NP Map (p633)
To Dunbar (24mi);
Edinburgh (48mi)
To
Galashiels
(5mi)
To Penrith (15mi);
Ravenglass
(65mi)
NORTHEAST ENGLAND
0 20 km
0 12 miles
© Lonely Planet Publications
616 617
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