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Slavonia

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106

Slavonia

SLAVONIA

As locals say, ‘the highest mountain is a cabbage’ in pancake-flat Slavonia. While it can’t
boast much geographical diversity, this fertile region has quite an impressive cultural mix,
having blended Hungarian, Serbian and German influences over the centuries. Bounded by
three major rivers, the Sava, Drava and Danube, it borders Hungary in the north, Bosnia and
Hercegovina in the south and Serbia in the east.
For visitors, Slavonia provides a landscape nearly untouched by tourism, with unique
natural wonders and tasty regional cuisine. The wetlands of Kopački Rit are one of Europe’s
finest ornithological reserves, and you can take a boat tour along its lakes. Osijek, Slavonia’s
largest town, is well worth a visit for its riverfront setting, a remarkable fortress quarter and
Secessionist architecture. The Baranja region to the northeast, with its up-and-coming wine
country, has developed ‘ethnotourism’ in an attempt to preserve traditional village life and
make it accessible to tourists. Further east, Vukovar is still healing its war wounds but rising
out of the ashes and calling visitors to its war memorials. Ilok, on the Serbian border, with its
ancient wine cellars and a preserved old town, gives a glimpse of where East meets West.
Slavonia was once Croatia’s breadbasket, its plains yielding wheat, corn, beets, sunflowers
and clover, plus some of Croatia’s finest wines. Although the 1990s war put a serious dent in the
agricultural industry, you’ll still see plenty of grain fields and few industrial landscapes. Traces
of the war remain, but the peaceful villages, laid-back people and steady year-round prices
make Slavonia an ideal destination for those who want to skip the standard experience.

HIGHLIGHTS
„ Touring the ancient wine cellars of Ilok

(p116)
„ Sampling the restaurants of Osijek’s fortress

quarter Tvrđa (p110)
„ Bird-watching in Kopački Rit Nature Park

(p112), one of Europe’s largest wetlands

Karanac
Ethno-Village
Osijek

Kopaøki Rit
Nature Park
Baranja

„ Visiting the war memorials in Vukovar

(p115)
„ Experiencing village life in Karanac

Ethno-Village (p113)
„ Travelling the wine roads of Baranja (see

boxed text, p114)

„ TELEPHONE CODE: 031, 032, 034, 035

Vukovar
Ilok

lonelyplanet.com

ὈὈ
ὈὈ

S L AV O N I A • • H i s t o r y 107

0
0

SLAVONIA
HUNGARY

Siklós

Dra

va

Karašica

Vuø

ica

Ður‹enovac

Orahovica

2

Feriøanci

Kapavau
(790m)

Našice
Kutjevo

Velika

Vuka

Vetovo

...
SLAVONIA
As locals say, ‘the highest mountain is a cabbage’ in pancake-flat Slavonia. While it can’t
boast much geographical diversity, this fertile region has quite an impressive cultural mix,
having blended Hungarian, Serbian and German influences over the centuries. Bounded by
three major rivers, the Sava, Drava and Danube, it borders Hungary in the north, Bosnia and
Hercegovina in the south and Serbia in the east.
For visitors, Slavonia provides a landscape nearly untouched by tourism, with unique
natural wonders and tasty regional cuisine. The wetlands of Kopački Rit are one of Europe’s
finest ornithological reserves, and you can take a boat tour along its lakes. Osijek, Slavonia’s
largest town, is well worth a visit for its riverfront setting, a remarkable fortress quarter and
Secessionist architecture. The Baranja region to the northeast, with its up-and-coming wine
country, has developed ‘ethnotourism’ in an attempt to preserve traditional village life and
make it accessible to tourists. Further east, Vukovar is still healing its war wounds but rising
out of the ashes and calling visitors to its war memorials. Ilok, on the Serbian border, with its
ancient wine cellars and a preserved old town, gives a glimpse of where East meets West.
Slavonia was once Croatia’s breadbasket, its plains yielding wheat, corn, beets, sunflowers
and clover, plus some of Croatia’s finest wines. Although the 1990s war put a serious dent in the
agricultural industry, you’ll still see plenty of grain fields and few industrial landscapes. Traces
of the war remain, but the peaceful villages, laid-back people and steady year-round prices
make Slavonia an ideal destination for those who want to skip the standard experience.
Slavonia
© Lonely Planet Publications
TELEPHONE CODE: 031, 032, 034, 035
HIGHLIGHTS
Touring the ancient wine cellars of Ilok
( p116 )
Sampling the restaurants of Osijek’s fortress
quarter Tvrđa ( p110 )
Bird-watching in Kopački Rit Nature Park
( p112 ), one of Europe’s largest wetlands
Visiting the war memorials in Vukovar
( p115 )
Experiencing village life in Karanac
Ethno-Village ( p113 )
Travelling the wine roads of Baranja (see
boxed text, p114 )
Baranja
Ethno-Village
Karanac
Nature Park
Kopaøki Rit
Ilok
Vukovar
Osijek
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