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Western Transdanubia

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150

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Ὀ
Ὀ
Ὀ
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ὈὈὈ
ὈὈ
ὈὈὈ
ὈὈὈ


0
0

WESTERN TRANSDANUBIA
To Vienna
(40km)

Ebunfurth

Lake

Wiener
Neustadt

M1

Sopron

Fertªd

E65

Bük

Szombathely

89

VAS

Ják

Sárvár

E65

8

86

Boba

E66

Ajka

74

M70

Balaton
Uplands
National Park

e

Lak

E71

M7

sucking times of Erzsébet Báthory at
Sárvár’s Nádasdy Castle (p179)

Sopron
Tata

„ Exploring colourful Jurisics tér (p182),

dubbed ‘the nation’s jewellery box’,
in Kőszeg

Kªszeg
Sárvár

„ Hiking in the Őrség National Park

(p185), one of the most unspoiled and
traditional areas of Hungary
„ Checking out Sopron's Storno Collection

(p165) of Romanesque and Gothic
furnishings and deciding where the
Storno family got it right or wrong

«rség
National
Park

M7

7

Siófok

E71

Balatonboglár

7

E71

6

Gárdony M6

E73
Polgárdi

FEJÉR
63

64

62

Dunaújváros
Sárbogárd
Dunaföldvár

Tab

65

SOMOGY

Tamási

Marcali

Százhalombatta

811

81

M7

Fonyód

68

67

TOLNA
Paks

E661

History

„ Reliving (as it were) the life and blood-

n

lato

Ba

Keszthely

Nagykanizsa

BUDAPEST

Balatonf¬zfª

Balaton
Uplands Balatonfüred
84
National Park
Tihany
71
Tapolca

75

74

Bicske

8

73

76

ZALA

PEST
Budakeszi

Oroszlány

SZÉKESFEHÉRVÁR

Várpalota

Balatonalmádi

Zalaegerszeg

SLOVENIA

82

Veszprém

E65

(p153) – birds in flight – at Öreg-tó (Old
Lake) in winter

Zirc

VESZPRÉM

E66

76

Velemér 86

Tarján

The Danube River was the limit of Roman
expansion in what is now Hungary, and most
of today’s Western Transdanubia formed
the province of Pannonia Superior, or
‘Upper Pannonia’. The Romans built some
of their most important military and civilian towns here, including Arrabona (Győr),
Scarbantia (Sopron), Savaria (Szombathely),
Adflexum (Mosonmagyaróvár) and Brigetio
(Komárom). Because of their positions on
the trade route from northern Europe to
the Adriatic Sea and Byzantium, and the
influx of such ethnic groups as Germans
and Slovaks, these towns prospered in the
Middle Ages. Episcopates were established,
castles were built and many of the towns
were granted special royal privileges.
A large part of Western Transdanubia remained in the hands of the Habsburgs during the Turkish occupation, and it was thus
spared the ruination suffered in the south
and on the Great Plain. As a result, some
of the best examples of Romanesque and
Gothic architecture in the country can be
found here. Because of Vienna’s authority

and influence throughout the 16th and 17th
centu...
WESTERN TRANSDANUBIA
150
WESTERN TRANSDANUBIA
www.lonelyplanet.com
HIGHLIGHTS
Watching one of the best sights in Tata
( p153 ) – birds in flight – at Öreg-tó (Old
Lake) in winter
Reliving (as it were) the life and blood-
sucking times of Erzsébet Báthory at
Sárvár’s Nádasdy Castle ( p179 )
Exploring colourful Jurisics tér ( p182 ),
dubbed ‘the nation’s jewellery box’,
in Kőszeg
Hiking in the Őrség National Park
( p185 ), one of the most unspoiled and
traditional areas of Hungary
Checking out Sopron's Storno Collection
( p165 ) of Romanesque and Gothic
furnishings and deciding where the
Storno family got it right or wrong
Western
Transdanubia
The aptly named region of Western Transdanubia (Nyugat-Dunántúl) lies ‘across the Dan-
ube’ from Budapest, extending west and southwest as far as the borders with Austria and
Slovenia. It is an area of plains and rolling hills, with the vineyards of Etyek, Mór and especially
Sopron producing some excellent wines. As the nation’s ‘window on the West’, Western
Transdanubia has always been the richest and most developed region of Hungary, and it
contains some of the most historically important towns, castles, churches and monuments
in the country.
History
The Danube River was the limit of Roman
expansion in what is now Hungary, and most
of today’s Western Transdanubia formed
the province of Pannonia Superior, or
‘Upper Pannonia’. The Romans built some
of their most important military and civil-
ian towns here, including Arrabona (Győr),
Scarbantia (Sopron), Savaria (Szombathely),
Adflexum (Mosonmagyaróvár) and Brigetio
(Komárom). Because of their positions on
the trade route from northern Europe to
the Adriatic Sea and Byzantium, and the
influx of such ethnic groups as Germans
and Slovaks, these towns prospered in the
Middle Ages. Episcopates were established,
castles were built and many of the towns
were granted special royal privileges.
A large part of Western Transdanubia re-
mained in the hands of the Habsburgs dur-
ing the Turkish occupation, and it was thus
spared the ruination suffered in the south
and on the Great Plain. As a result, some
of the best examples of Romanesque and
Gothic architecture in the country can be
found here. Because of Vienna’s authority
and influence throughout the 16th and 17th
centuries, Western Transdanubia received
Hungary’s first baroque churches and civic
buildings.
TATA
%
34 / pop 23,900
Tata (German: Totis), situated west of the
Gerecse Hills, is a pleasant town of springs,
canals and lakes, a castle and much his-
tory; for a town of its size, there’s lots for
tra vellers to see and do. Tata’s two lakes offer
ample opportunities for sport – including
bird-watching – and there’s a spa complex
north of town. Tata is also a convenient
springboard from Budapest and the Dan-
ube Bend for other Western Transdanubian
towns.
History
Tata’s Öregvár (Old Castle), perched on a
rock at the northern end of a large lake,
has been the focus of the town since the
14th century. It was a favourite residence of
King Sigismund, who added a palace to it
in the early 15th century, and his daughter,
Park
National
«rség
Tata
Sopron
Kªszeg
Sárvár
(62km)
To Bratislava (46km)
To Vienna
(40km)
To Vienna
PEST
TOLNA
FEJÉR
SOMOGY
ZALA
VAS
GY«R-MOSON-
SOPRON
VESZPRÉM
KOMÁROM-
ESZTERGOM
Velemér
Tardos
Oberpullendorf
Ebunfurth
Vel'ký Meder
Hegyeshalom
Balatonf¬zfª
Tihany
Sobota
Murska
Neustadt
Wiener
BUDAPEST
Nagykanizsa
Heiligenkreuz
Klingenbach
Medvedov
Almásfüzitª
Dunaszentmiklós
Szentpéterfa
Fertªszentmiklós
Zalalövª
Pankasz
Boba
Tarján
Velem
Sitke
Bük
Bucsu
Rábafüzes
Szalafª
Ják
Fertªrákos
Pannonhalma
Lébény
Tapolca
Neunkirchen
Eisenstadt
Sopron
Mosonmagyaróvár
GY«R
Kolárovo
Komárom
Komárno
Esztergom
Dorog
Paks
Dunaföldvár
Tamási
Tab
Lenti
Sümeg
Százhalombatta
Polgárdi
Bicske
Budakeszi
Pilisvörösvár
Nagycenk
Fertªd
«riszentpéter
Szentgotthárd
Zirc
Csorna
Pápa
Celldömölk
Sárvár
Kapuvár
Kªszeg
Szombathely
Körmend
Vasvár
Marcali
Zalaegerszeg
Keszthely
Ajka
Fonyód
Balatonboglár
Siófok
Balatonalmádi
Balatonfüred
Veszprém
Sárbogárd
Dunaújváros
Várpalota
Gárdony
SZÉKESFEHÉRVÁR
Kisbér
Oroszlány
Mór
Tata
Tatabánya
Balaton
Uplands
National Park
Balaton
Uplands
National Park
Nature Park
Irottkª
National Park
Fertª-Hanság
National Park
«rség
(882m)
Mt Írottkª
Fertª
Lake
Lake Balaton
Rv
Ipoly
River
Rába
River
Danube
S L O V E N I A
A U S T R I A
S L O V A K I A
E65
E73
E71
E75
E60
E71
E65
E66
E66
E65
E65
E71
E661
M6
M70
M7
M1
M7
86
1
6
7
M7
M1
7
811
86
73
8
8
86
89
74
84
64
65
67
68
62
63
82
83
82
1
13
10
10
11
12
85
81
81
83
84
87
74
76
86
84
75
76
71
WESTERN TRANSDANUBIA
0 50 km
0 30 miles
WESTERN TRANSDANUBIA •• Tata 151
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