Văn học điện ảnh Ngôn ngữ Anh

Được đăng lên bởi Ngan Nguyen
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Gone With The Wind

Artemus Ward
Dept. of Political Science
Northern Illinois University

• Despite longstanding history that accurately portrays slavery based on
slave narratives (Rawick 1972), the reasons for the South losing the war
(Beals 1965), and Reconstruction (Bennett 1969), Americans continue to
think about the past not based on fact but instead based on myth: images
gleaned from the mass media and particularly films.
• Because of its longstanding popularity and acclaim, Gone With the Wind
(GWTW), is perhaps the single most damaging, ongoing portrayal of these
events. For many people the film is the main way in which the Civil War is
• One need ask only one question to see how incomplete and inaccurate the
film is:
• Does Mammy or any other black character in the film have any family?

Margaret Mitchell
• Mitchell began writing the novel in 1926. It
was published in 1936 and won the
Pulitzer Prize the following year.
• Mitchell’s novel is southern plantation
fiction, also known as anti-Tom literature,
written as a pro-slavery response to such
popular anti-slavery literature as Uncle
Tom’s Cabin.
• Southern plantation fiction is written from
the perspective and values of the
benevolent slaveholder and presents
slaves as docile and happy.
• It is the second favorite book by
Americans, just behind the Bible,
according to a 2008 Harris Poll.
• The poll found the novel has its strongest
following among women, those aged 44 or
more, both Southerners and
Midwesterners, both whites and Hispanics,
and those who have not attended college.
• The novel is on the list of best-selling
books, selling more than 30 million copies.

• Gone With the Wind (GWTW) is
an archetypal statement of the
myth of the “Old South”:

the columned plantation house
white women on pedestals
carefree field hands
devoted house slaves
the “carpetbaggers and scalawags”
myth of Reconstruction

• GWTW shows the South as it
never was, emphasizing
Southern honor and Yankee

• Most southerners were not slaveholders, not wealthy, and did
not live in mansions.
• Most whites who owned slaves owned fewer than five.
• The homes of most people that did own slaves were so
modest that when researchers for Gone With The Wind went
looking for archival photos or descriptions of sprawling manor
houses with verandas and white columns in Georgia, they had
to report that they could not find any.
• Margare...
Gone With The Wind
Artemus Ward
Dept. of Political Science
Northern Illinois University
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