Sự xung đột văn hóa Hồi giáo và phương Tây

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Nathan C. Funk and Abdul Aziz Said

International Journal of Peace Studies, Volume 9, Number 1, Spring/Summer 2004

This article addresses one of the more vexing questions facing analysts of
relations between
the Islamic world and the West: How can we speak about deeply divisive cultural
political issues in ways that foster conflict transformation rather than an
intensification of
conflict? Using narrative analysis as an approach, we examine the most common
that actors identifying with Islam and the West use to organize their thinking
about conflict:
a story of intercultural confrontation and a story of intercultural compatibility.
After noting
that both Western and Muslim narrators of these stories make a number of
strikingly similar
claims, we conclude by suggesting that a “new story” emphasizing intercultural
complementarity can help agents of conflict transformation reframe differences
and advance
the cause of peaceful coexistence.

It has become commonplace to observe that the Islamic world and the West appear
to be mired in an intensifying cycle of political and cultural conflict, and that the
most significant source of rivalry is the profoundly unsettled nature of American
relations with
the Muslim Middle East. In matters related to Persian Gulf geopolitics, Israeli1

Palestinian conflict, and the politics of Islamic revivalism, American policy
for maintaining stability and control through a system of regional alliances are met
contrary regional preferences for dramatic change. Frictions generated by
interests and desires spill over into the cultural domain, resulting in the politicization
identities and an escalatory conflict dynamic in which the basic value commitments,
beliefs and mores of the “other” are regarded as threatening and problematic. The
is an atmosphere of doubt, distrust, and disrespect in which efforts to dominate and
coerce adversaries displace initiatives to collaborate in a search for intercultural
understanding and means of mutual political accommodation. On both sides of the
troubled relationship between Americans and the Muslim Middle East, there is deep
estrangement and a growing belief in the futility of communication.
As they seek to analyze the complexity of relations between America and the
Muslim Middle East, social scientists face a dilemma: How can...
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