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Cyclades Κυκλάδες

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Cyclades Κυκλάδες

C YC L A D E S • • H i s t o r y 365

0
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CYCLADES
EVIA

Rafina

ATHENS

Karystos

Piraeus

Andros
(p369)

Petalia
Gulf
Gavrio

ATTICA

The Cyclades (kih-klah-dez), are Greek islands to dream about; sun-kissed outliers of rock
and dappled earth lying scattered across the glittering Aegean Sea. Their characteristic white
cubist houses, golden beaches, olive groves, pine forests, herb-strewn mountain slopes and
terraced valleys make for an irresistible mix. Throw in a dash of hedonism, and a culture
that draws vividly on ancient and modern themes, and the Greek Island dream can become
reality.
Other realities can be a touch more down to earth, at least for native islanders, who have
often struggled for a living through centuries of deprivation. Beneath the tourism gloss,
many still raise livestock and grow food on reluctant soil, or chase a diminishing supply of
fish from seas that are regularly rough and dangerous. Winters are often grey, bleak and
unforgiving.

Hora (Andros)

AEGEAN
Lavrio

Cape
Sounion

Kea
(p458)

Ioulida

Kythnos
(p456)
Hora

Ikaria
Hora
(Tinos)

Syros
(p376)
Ermoupolis

Naoussa
Parikia

Sifnos
(p443)

SEA

Kimolos
(p439)
Antimilos

Antiparos
(p393)

Serifos

of the Little Cyclades (p410) and on the east
coast of Andros (p368)

Paros

Ios

„ Dawn Patrol Clubbing on Mykonos (p381) and Ios

(p418)
„ POPULATION: 109,814

Little
Cyclades

Sikinos

„ High Flying Kiteboarding on Paros (p399)

„ AREA: 2429 SQ KM

Santorini (Thira)

Apiranthos

Paros
(p393)

To Astypalea
(130km)

Koufonisia
Keros
Iraklia
Schinousa

Poliegos

Sikinos
(p434)

Hora

See Little Cyclades
Map (p410)

Hora

Amorgos
(p416)

Hora/Kastro

Milos
(p439)

Ios
(p419)

Hora

Folegandros
(p435)
Thirasia
Fira

SEA OF CRETE

HISTORY

(p392) archaeological feast
„ Secluded Sand Hiding away on the islands

Donousa
(p414)

Hora (Naxos)

Piso
Livadi

Horio

To Crete
(194km)

Mykonos
Delos

To Astypalea (140km)

Apollonas

Hora

HIGHLIGHTS

Santorini’s submerged volcano (p422)

IKARIAN SEA

Naxos
(p402)

MIRTOÖN

The Cyclades are so named because they form a kyklos (circle) around the island of Delos,
one of the world’s most haunting ancient sites. Closing that circle is still one of the most
rewarding experiences for the dedicated traveller.

„ Ancient & Sublime Indulging in Delos’

Delos

To Crete (237km)

The beaches of Mykonos, Santorini and Ios are awash with sun-lounger society and raucous
diversions; their main towns seethe with commercial...
CYCLADES
CYCLADES
lonelyplanet.com CYCLADES •• History
The Cyclades (kih-klah-dez), are Greek islands to dream about; sun-kissed outliers of rock
and dappled earth lying scattered across the glittering Aegean Sea. Their characteristic white
cubist houses, golden beaches, olive groves, pine forests, herb-strewn mountain slopes and
terraced valleys make for an irresistible mix. Throw in a dash of hedonism, and a culture
that draws vividly on ancient and modern themes, and the Greek Island dream can become
reality.
Other realities can be a touch more down to earth, at least for native islanders, who have
often struggled for a living through centuries of deprivation. Beneath the tourism gloss,
many still raise livestock and grow food on reluctant soil, or chase a diminishing supply of
fish from seas that are regularly rough and dangerous. Winters are often grey, bleak and
unforgiving.
The Cyclades range from big fertile Naxos, with its craggy mountains and landlocked
valleys, to the tiny outliers of Donousa, Iraklia and Anafi, where the sea dominates, with
attitude, on every side.
The beaches of Mykonos, Santorini and Ios are awash with sun-lounger society and raucous
diversions; their main towns seethe with commercialism. All of this has its appeal, but other
islands, such as Andros, Amorgos and Sifnos, have kept tourism to a more sedate scale.
The Cyclades are so named because they form a kyklos (circle) around the island of Delos,
one of the world’s most haunting ancient sites. Closing that circle is still one of the most
rewarding experiences for the dedicated traveller.
C y c l a d e s
Κυκλάδες
HISTORY
The Cyclades are said to have been inhabited
since at least 7000 BC. Around 3000 BC there
emerged a cohesive Cycladic civilisation that
was bound together by seagoing commerce and
exchange. During the Early Cycladic period
(3000–2000 BC) the tiny but distinctive Cycla-
dic marble figurines, mainly stylized representa-
tions of the naked female form, were sculpted.
In the Middle Cycladic period (2000–1500
BC) many of the islands were occupied by the
Minoans – at Akrotiri, on Santorini, a Minoan
town has been excavated. At the beginning of
the Late Cycladic period (1500–1100 BC) the
Cyclades passed to the Mycenaeans. The Do-
rians followed in the 8th century BC, bringing
Archaic culture with them.
By the middle of the 5th century BC the
islands were members of a fully fledged
Athenian empire. In the Hellenistic era
(323–146 BC) they were controlled by
Egypt’s Ptolemaic dynasties and then by
the Macedonians. In 146 BC the islands be-
came a Roman province, and lucrative trade
links were established with many parts of
the Mediterranean.
The division of the Roman Empire in AD
395 resulted in the Cyclades being ruled from
Byzantium (Constantinople), but after the
fall of Byzantium in 1204, they came under
a Venetian governance that doled out the is-
lands to opportunistic aristocrats. The most
powerful of these was Marco Sanudo (self-
styled Venetian Duke of Naxos), who acquired
POPULATION: 109,814 AREA : 2429 SQ KM
HIGHLIGHTS
Timeless Greece Exploring the historic old kastros
(original settlements crowned by a ruined
castle) of Sikinos ( p433
) and Serifos ( p455
)
Spectacular Sunsets Viewing the best over
Santorini’s submerged volcano ( p422
)
Ancient & Sublime Indulging in Delos’
( p392
) archaeological feast
Secluded Sand Hiding away on the islands
of the Little Cyclades ( p410
) and on the east
coast of Andros ( p368
)
High Flying Kiteboarding on Paros ( p399
)
Dawn Patrol Clubbing on Mykonos ( p381
) and Ios
( p418
)
Cyclades
Little
Andros
Serifos
Sikinos
Ios
Paros
Mykonos
Delos
Santorini (Thira)
(400km)
To Thessaloniki
To Astypalea (140km)
(130km)
To Astypalea
(127km)
To Crete
(194km)
To Crete
Samos (130km)
To Ikaria (75km);
To Crete (237km)
S E A
S E A
IKARIAN SEA
Gulf
Petalia
S E A O F C R E T E
M I R T O Ö N
A E G E A N
Hora
Apollonia
Hora
(Mykonos)
Hora
(Tinos)
Hora
Livadi
Piso
Rafina
Karystos
Piraeus
Nikolaos
Agios
Ermoupolis
ATHENS
Ioulida
Lavrio
Hora
Adamas
Gavrio
Hora (Andros)
Parikia
Naoussa
Hora (Naxos)
Apollonas
Apiranthos
Fira
Hora
Hora/Kastro
Hora
Horio
(p458)
Kea
(p456)
Kythnos
(p454)
Serifos
(p443)
Sifnos
(p439)
Kimolos
(p439)
Milos
(p435)
Folegandros
(p434)
Sikinos
(p433)
Anafi
(p423)
(Thira)
(p419)
Ios
(p416)
Amorgos
(p414)
Donousa
(p402)
Naxos
(p393)
Paros
(p393)
Antiparos
(p382)
Mykonos
(p376)
Syros
(p373)
Tinos
(p369)
Andros
Poliegos
Renia
Delos
Ikaria
Santorini
Keros
Koufonisia
Schinousa
Iraklia
Thirasia
Antimilos
Gyaros
Sounion
Cape
ATTICA
EVIA
Map (p410)
See Little Cyclades
CYCLADES
0 20 km
0 12 miles
© Lonely Planet Publications
364 365
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