Ktl-icon-tai-lieu

Namibia

Được đăng lên bởi ke-toan
Số trang: 17 trang   |   Lượt xem: 1135 lần   |   Lượt tải: 0 lần
© Lonely Planet Publications
954

Namibia
Wedged between the Kalahari and the South Atlantic, Namibia enjoys vast potential as one
of the youngest countries in Africa. In addition to having a striking diversity of cultures and
national origins, Namibia is a photographer’s dream – it boasts wild seascapes, rugged mountains, lonely deserts, stunning wildlife, colonial cities and nearly unlimited elbow room.
A predominantly arid country, Namibia can be divided into four main topographical regions: the Namib Desert and coastal plains in the west, the eastward-sloping Central Plateau,
the Kalahari along the borders with South Africa and Botswana and the densely wooded
bushveld of the Kavango and Caprivi regions. Despite its harsh climate, Namibia has some
of the world’s grandest national parks, ranging from the wildlife-rich Etosha National Park
to the dune fields and desert plains of the Namib-Naukluft Park.
Namibia is one of those dreamlike places that make you question whether something
so visually orgasmic could actually exist. Time and space are less defined here. Landscapes
collide. Experiences pile up. Watch a lion stalking its prey on a never-ending plain in Etosha.
Fly down a giant dune on a sandboard. Spend a night alone in the desert under a sky so
thick with stars you can’t differentiate between constellations.
FAST FACTS
Area 825,000 sq km
ATMs Found in most large towns around
the country
Borders Angola, Botswana, South Africa,
Zambia, Zimbabwe – all accessible overland except Zimbabwe, which has no
direct border crossing with Namibia
Budget US$20 to US$25 per day
Capital Windhoek
Language English, Afrikaans, German, Owambo,
Kavango, Herero, Khoikhoi (Nama/Damara), San dialects
Money Namibian dollar (N$); US$1 = N$7.5
Population 1.83 million

Telephone Country code %264; international access
code %00
Time GMT/UTC +2
Visa None required for citizens of Australia, New Zealand, France, Germany, the UK, Ireland,
Canada or the USA

HIGHLIGHTS
Sossusvlei (p968) Watch the sun rise from
the tops of flaming-red dunes on the
edge of ephemeral salt pans.
Etosha National Park (p972) Go on a selfdrive safari in one of the continent’s premier wildlife venues.
Swakopmund (p964) Get your adrenaline fix in the extreme-sports capital of
Namibia.
Fish River Canyon (p978) Test your endurance on the five-day hike through one of
the world’s largest canyons.
Skeleton Coast (p970) Get off the beaten
path (and the tarred road) on this desolate strip of fog-covered coastline...
NAMIBIA
NAMIBIA
lonelyplanet.com NAMIBIA •• Highlights
Wedged between the Kalahari and the South Atlantic, Namibia enjoys vast potential as one
of the youngest countries in Africa. In addition to having a striking diversity of cultures and
national origins, Namibia is a photographer’s dream – it boasts wild seascapes, rugged moun-
tains, lonely deserts, stunning wildlife, colonial cities and nearly unlimited elbow room.
A predominantly arid country, Namibia can be divided into four main topographical re-
gions: the Namib Desert and coastal plains in the west, the eastward-sloping Central Plateau,
the Kalahari along the borders with South Africa and Botswana and the densely wooded
bushveld of the Kavango and Caprivi regions. Despite its harsh climate, Namibia has some
of the world’s grandest national parks, ranging from the wildlife-rich Etosha National Park
to the dune fields and desert plains of the Namib-Naukluft Park.
Namibia is one of those dreamlike places that make you question whether something
so visually orgasmic could actually exist. Time and space are less defined here. Landscapes
collide. Experiences pile up. Watch a lion stalking its prey on a never-ending plain in Etosha.
Fly down a giant dune on a sandboard. Spend a night alone in the desert under a sky so
thick with stars you can’t differentiate between constellations.
Namibia
HIGHLIGHTS
Sossusvlei ( p968 ) Watch the sun rise from
the tops of flaming-red dunes on the
edge of ephemeral salt pans.
Etosha National Park ( p972 ) Go on a self-
drive safari in one of the continent’s pre-
mier wildlife venues.
Swakopmund ( p964 ) Get your adrena-
line fix in the extreme-sports capital of
N amibia.
Fish River Canyon ( p978 ) Test your endur-
ance on the five-day hike through one of
the world’s largest canyons.
Skeleton Coast ( p970 ) Get off the beaten
path (and the tarred road) on this deso-
late strip of fog-covered coastline.
CLIMATE & WHEN TO GO
Namibia’s climatic variations correspond
roughly to its geographical subdivisions. In
the arid central Namib Desert, summer day-
time temperatures may climb to over 40°C,
but can fall to below freezing during the night.
Rainfall is heaviest in the northeast, which
enjoys a subtropical climate, and reaches over
600mm annually along the Okavango River.
The northern and interior regions experience
‘little rains’ between October and December,
while the main stormy period occurs from
January to April.
ITINERARIES
Three days Namibia’s tourist highlight is
the expansive sand sea of the Namib,
and if you have only a few days, this is
where you’ll want to focus. From Ses-
riem ( p968 ), spend a day hiking through
the dunes, or from the beach town of
Swakopmund ( p964 ) arrange for a scenic
flyover.
One Week Combine your visit to the Namib
with a safari through Etosha National
Park ( p972 ) for one of the continent’s
most unique safari experiences. Splurge
on a rental car and get ready for some
hair-raising, self-driven good times.
One Month With a month, you can hire a
4WD or use a reputable safari company
and see the best of the country: do a tour
of the Namib ( p985 ), splurge on some ex-
treme sports in Swakopmund ( p964 ), sa-
fari through Etosha National Park ( p972 ),
hike Fish River Canyon ( p978 ) and go
on an expedition through the northwest
( p970 ) and the Skeleton Coast ( p970 ).
HISTORY
Pre-Colonial History
The first agriculturalists and iron workers of
definite Bantu-speaking origin in southern
Africa belonged to the Gokomere culture.
They settled the temperate savannah and
cooler uplands of Zimbabwe and were the
first occupants of the Great Zimbabwe site, in
the southeastern part of modern-day Zimba-
bwe, where a well-sheltered valley presented
an obvious place to settle. Cattle ranching
became the mainstay of the community and
earlier hunting-and-gathering San groups
either retreated to the west or were enslaved
and/or absorbed.
At the same time the San communities were
also coming under pressure from Khoi-Khoi
(the ancestors of the Nama), who probably
entered the region from the south. The Khoi-
Khoi were organised loosely into tribes and
raised livestock. They gradually displaced the
San, becoming the dominant group in the
region until around 1500.
During the 16th century, the Herero arrived
in Namibia from the Zambezi Valley and oc-
cupied the north and west of the country. As
ambitious pastoralists they inevitably came
into conflict with the Khoi-Khoi over the best
grazing lands and water sources. Eventually,
given their superior strength and numbers,
nearly all the indigenous Namibian groups
submitted to the Herero.
By the late 19th century, a new Bantu
group, the Owambo, settled in the north along
the Okavango and Kunene Rivers.
FAST FACTS
Area 825,000 sq km
ATMs Found in most large towns around
the country
Borders Angola, Botswana, South Africa,
Zambia, Zimbabwe – all accessible over-
land except Zimbabwe, which has no
direct border crossing with Namibia
Budget US$20 to US$25 per day
Capital Windhoek
Language English, Afrikaans, German, Owambo,
Kavango, Herero, Khoikhoi (Nama/Damara), San dialects
Money Namibian dollar (N$); US$1 = N$7.5
Population 1.83 million
Seasons Long rainy season (January to April); dry (May to
September); short rainy season (October to December)
Telephone Country code
%
264; international access
code
%
00
Time GMT/UTC +2
Visa None required for citizens of Australia, New Zealand, France, Germany, the UK, Ireland,
Canada or the USA
HOW MUCH?
Internet connection US$3 per hour
Campsite (for four) next to a watering
hole US$20
GPS unit US$100
Traditional German meal US$8
4WD rental US$75 to US$100 per day
LONELY PLANET INDEX
1L petrol US$1.50
1L bottled water US$0.25
Bottle of Windhoek Lager US$1
Souvenir T-shirt US$12
Meat pie US$0.50
© Lonely Planet Publications
954 955
Namibia - Trang 2
Để xem tài liệu đầy đủ. Xin vui lòng
Namibia - Người đăng: ke-toan
5 Tài liệu rất hay! Được đăng lên bởi - 1 giờ trước Đúng là cái mình đang tìm. Rất hay và bổ ích. Cảm ơn bạn!
17 Vietnamese
Namibia 9 10 842