Ktl-icon-tai-lieu

Poland

Được đăng lên bởi luyen-thi-dai-hoc
Số trang: 40 trang   |   Lượt xem: 693 lần   |   Lượt tải: 0 lần
© Lonely Planet Publications
540

541

Poland
A flat, fertile nation in the centre of Europe, often surrounded by conquest-happy empires,
can expect life to be turbulent at times. And that’s been the experience of Poland, as it’s
grappled with centuries of war, invasion and foreign occupation. Nothing, however, has
succeeded in suppressing the Poles’ strong sense of nationhood and cultural identity, as
exemplified by the ancient royal capital of Kraków, with its breathtaking castle, and bustling
Warsaw, with its painstaking postwar reconstruction of its devastated Old Town.
Although early euphoria at joining the EU has subsided into a more realistic expectation of
membership, there’s a distinct sense of confidence and optimism in the big cities, and among
young people in particular. As a result, regional centres such as urbane Gdańsk, cultured Wrocław
and lively Poznań exude a cosmopolitan energy that’s a heady mix of old and new.
Away from the cities, Poland is a diverse land, from its northern sandy beaches and magnificent southern mountains to the lost-in-time forests of the east. And everywhere there
are seldom-visited towns to discover, with their own ruined castles, picturesque squares
and historic churches.
Poland is still good value for travellers and has a transport system that makes it easy to
get around. As Poland continues to reconcile its rediscovered European identity with its hardwon political and cultural freedoms, it’s a fascinating time to visit this beautiful country.
FAST FACTS
Area 312, 685 sq km
Currency złoty; €1=3.98zł; US$1=3.13zł;
UK£1=5.92zł; A$1=2.35zł; C$1 = 2.81zł;
Ą100=2.68zł; NZ$1=2.06zł
Famous for Chopin, Copernicus, Marie Curie,
Solidarity, vodka
Official Language Polish
Phrases dzień dobry (good morning/afternoon), dziękuję (thank you), proszę (please),
Gdzie jest dworzec autobusowy/kolejowy?
(Where’s the bus/train station?)
Population 38 million
Telephone Codes country code%48;
international access code%00
Visas not required for EU citizens; US, Canadian, New Zealand and Australian citizens do
not need visas for stays of less than 90 days

POLAND

POLAND

Capital Warsaw

Ὀ

542 P O L A N D • • H i g h l i g h t s

POLAND
To Ystad; Ronne;
Copenhagen

S×owi¬ski
NP

Ko×obrzeg

÷eba
L‰bork
Gdynia
S×upsk
Sopot

Ustka

Szczecinek

Szczecin
Ko×baskowo

Bydgoszcz

Pi×a

Krajnik Dolny

÷om¤a
Ostro׉ka
Ciechanów

Bia×ystok

PODLASIE

P×ock

Bia×owie¤a
NP
Bia×owie¤a

BELARUS
To Minsk

WARSAW

Kutno
÷owicz

Kalisz

Hrodna
Ku§nica
B...
POLAND
WARSAW •• Central Warsaw www.lonelyplanet.com
POLAND
www.lonelyplanet.com WARSAW •• Sights
%
657 21 70; plac Zamkowy 4; adult/child 18/12zł, free Sun;
h
10am-4pm Mon-Sat, 11am-4pm Sun, closed Mon Oct-Apr)
,
also reconstructed after the war. The highlight
of the sumptuously decorated rooms is the
Senators’ Antechamber, where landscapes of
18th-century Warsaw by Bernardo Bellotto
(Canaletto’s nephew) are on show.
From the castle, walk down ul Świętojańska
to Warsaw’s oldest church, the 15th-century
Gothic St John’s Cathedral
(Map p550 ; ul Świętojańska 8;
admission crypt 1zł;
h
10am-1pm & 3-5.30pm Mon-Sat).
This street continues to the magnificent Rynek
Starego Miasta (Old Town Market Square).
Off the square is the Warsaw Historical Mu-
seum
(Map p550 ;
%
635 16 25; Rynek Starego Miasta 42;
adult/child 6/3zł, free Sun;
h
11am-6pm Tue & Thu, 10am-
3.30pm Wed & Fri, 10.30am-4.30pm Sat & Sun). At noon
it shows an English-language film depicting
the wartime destruction of the city.
Nearby is the Adam Mickiewicz Museum of
Literature (Map p550 ;
%
831 76 91; Rynek Starego Miasta
20; adult/child 5/4zł, free Sun;
h
10am-3pm Mon, Tue &
Fri, 11am-6pm Wed & Thu, 11am-5pm Sun), featuring
exhibits on Poland’s most revered literary
figure and other leading writers.
Walk west for one block to the Barbican,
part of the medieval city walls. North along ul
Freta is the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Museum
(Map
p550 ;
%
831 80 92; ul Freta 16; adult/child 6/3zł;
h
10am-
4pm Tue-Sat, 10am-2pm Sun)
, which features modest
displays about the great lady, who, along with
husband Pierre, discovered radium and polo-
nium, and laid the foundations for radiogra-
phy, nuclear physics and cancer therapy.
Heading southwest, you’ll reach the Monu-
ment to the Warsaw Rising
(Map p550 ; cnr ul Długa & ul
Miodowa). This striking set of statuary honours
the heroic Polish revolt against German rule
in 1944.
Not far away, the State Archaeological Museum
(Map p550 ;
%
831 15 37; ul Długa 52; adult/child 8/4zł, free
Sun except 3rd Sun of month;
h
9am-4pm Mon-Thu, 11am-
6pm Fri, 10am-6pm Sun) is located in a 17th-century
former arsenal.
Royal Way (Szlak Królewski)
This 4km route links the Royal Castle
with Łazienki Park (see p552 ) via ul Kra-
kowskie Przedmieście, ul Nowy Świat and
al Ujazdowskie. Bus 180 stops at most places
along this route and continues to Wilanów
Park (Map p548 ). Bus No 100 also runs on
Saturday and Sunday from May to September,
between plac Zamkowy and Łazienki Park.
Just south of the Royal Castle is the or-
nate 15th-century St Anne’s Church
(Map p550 ; ul
Krakowskie Przedmieście 68;
h
daylight hr), with im-
pressive views from its tower
(adult/child 3/2zł;
5
4
6
D
1
3
2
BAC
TOWN
TOWN
OLD
NEW
Vistula
Train Station
Warszawa Powi¢le
Warszawa Centralna
Train Station
Train Station
±ródmie¢cie
Warszawa
University
Warsaw
Church
St Alexander's
(Seminary Church)
Carmelite Church
of Technology
Warsaw University
Park Praski
Ujazdowski
Park
Saxon
Gardens
Gardens
Krasi¬ski
Politechnika
Centrum
±wi‰tokrzyska
Ratusz
Kopernika
Bartoszewicza
Sewerynów
Karasia
Obo¤na
Podwale
Okólnik
ul Górskiego
Tr‰backa
Kozia
Piwna
Brzozowa
Sienna
Jaracza
ul Matejki
Ko¢cielna
Mysia
ul Górno¢l†cska
T×omackie
Mostowa
Miodowa
Wierzbowa
Zgoda
Szara
±wi‰toja¬ska
Koszykowa
Stanka
Rozbrat
Bracka
Warecka
Jasna
Szkolna
Czackiego
¬ska
Biela
Sierakowskiego
Klopotowskiego
Floria¬ska
±wi‰tojerska
Franciszka¬ska
Z×ota
Z×ota
Chmielna
Mokotowska
Wilcza
Ho¤a
Wspólna
Emilii Plater
Oczki
Nowogrodzka
Widok
Twarda
Grzybowska
Zielna
Jasna
Mazowiecka
Kredytowa
Rozbrat
Ludna
Kruczkowskiego
Solec
Dobra
Topiel
Browarna
Wiejska
Pozna¬ska
Emilii Plater
Ksi†¤‰ca
Kopernika
Foksal
Smolna
¨urawia
Nowogrodzka
Wspólna
Ho¤a
Wilcza
Krucza
Ró¤
Chopina
Nowowiejska
Dobra
Wybrze¤e Ko¢ciuszkowskie
Królewska
D×uga
Freta
Szczeci¬skie
Wybrze¤e
Solidarno¢ci
(Wis×ostrada)
My¢liwiecka
Jerozolimskie
±wi‰tokrzyska
Nowy ±wiat (Royal Way)
Jerozolimskie
Marsza×kowska
Ujazdowskie (Royal Way)
Pi‰kna
Koszykowa
Tamka
Przedmie¢cie (Royal Way)
Krakowskie
Solidarno¢ci
Wybrze¤e Gda¬skie
Jana Paw×a II
Niepodleg×o¢ci
Cha×ubi¬skiego
Armii Ludowej
Bankowy
Plac
Teatralny
Plac
Warszawy
Powsta¬ców
Plac
(Castle Square)
Plac Zamkowy
Miasta
Rynek Nowego
Zbawiciela
Plac
Defilad
Plac
Most ±wi‰tokrzyski
Konstytucji
Plac
Most ±l†sko-D†browski
90
40
36
10
6
80
65
12
82
50
48
76
79
64
17
49
54
51
69
83
53
89
3
9
44
38
88
19
15
14
1
2
59
57
78
67
58
22
11
73
61
77
70
72
87
86
81
35
25
37
26
55
56
47
60
52
13
68
74
66
63
71
75
62
28
29
43
24
46
30
34
33
32
31
23
18
4
20
8
21
7
85
84
27
41
42
39
45
91
5
16
CENTRAL WARSAW
0 500 m
0 0.3 miles
65
64
68
67
66
71
70
74
72
73
69
32
31
35
34
33
38
37
41
39
40
36
76
75
77
79
78
82
80
81
83
84
87
86
88
85
DRINKING
ENTERTAINMENT
43
42
46
45
44
47
50
49
48
SHOPPING
53
51
52
54
55
58
57
61
60
59
56
91
90
TRANSPORT62
63
89
8
7
6
4
5
1
2
3
INFORMATION
SLEEPING
18
13
16
17
14
15
10
11
12
9
24
25
21
22
23
19
20
SIGHTS & ACTIVITIES
EATING
28
29
30
27
26
B5
B3
B4
B5
B2
A1
B2
A3
B2
C4
A1
B2
A4
B2
B1
B3
A5
B3
A2
C4
C4
B2
Tukan Salad Bar...................................
Café Design..........................................
Dziki Ry¤..............................................
Karczma Gessler....................................
London Steakhouse..............................
MarcPol Supermarket...........................
Podwale Piwna Kompania.....................
Puszkin.................................................
Restauracja Pod Samsonem..................
Restauracja Przy Zamku........................
Tam Tam.............................................
B4
C4
B2
C4
B4
C4
B4
B4
B4
B4
B4
B2
D4
B5
C3
B1
C6
D6
B2
A2
B3
D6
B2
B3
B4
B1
C4
D1
C6
C3
A1
D5
B2
B4
Vega....................................................
Zgoda Grill Bar.....................................
Demmers Teahouse..............................
Paparazzi..............................................
Pub Harenda......................................(see 53)
EMPiK Megastore...............................(see 89)
Enklawa................................................
Filharmonia Narodowa..........................
Foksal 19..............................................
Hybrydy...............................................
Kino Atlantic.........................................
Kino Relax............................................
Teatr Ateneum.....................................
Teatr Wielki..........................................
ZASP Kasy Teatralne.............................
Sense...................................................
A5
A5
C5
B1
LOT Office...........................................
Polski Express Bus Stop.........................
Galeria Centrum...................................
B4
C4
A5
C4
D6
B3
C6
B3
C5
Almatur..................................................
American Bookstore...............................
American Express...................................
Apteka Grabowskiego........................(see 18)
Australian Embassy................................
Bank Pekao.............................................
Canadian Embassy.................................
Casablanca.............................................
CM Medical Centre..............................(see 3)
C4
B5
B4
C5
C4
A4
A5
B2
A2
C4
C6
B3
C6
A1
B2
B1
B1
Centre for Contemporary Art.............(see 45)
Tourist Office.......................................
Trakt.....................................................
UK Embassy.........................................
US Embassy..........................................
Verso Internet.......................................
Warsaw Tourist Information Centre......
Adam Mickiewicz Museum of
Literature..........................................
Barbican................................................
Dental-Med............................................
EMPiK Megastore.................................
Internet Café........................................
Irish Embassy........................................
Orbis Travel.........................................
Our Roots............................................
PKO Bank.............................................
Tourist Office.......................................
PBK Bank............................................(see 36)
B3
B3
A1
A2
Church of the Holy Cross......................
Ethnographic Museum..........................
Jewish Historical Institute.....................
Marie Sk×odowska-Curie Museum........
Chopin Museum..................................
C4
Czech Republic Embassy........................
Sofitel Victoria......................................
Adler Bar & Restaurant.........................
Albert Supermarket............................(see 89)
Bar Pod Barbakanem.............................
Rynek Starego Miasta...........................
Hostel Helvetia.....................................
Hostel Kanonia.....................................
Hotel Gromada Centrum......................
Hotel Harenda......................................
Hotel Le Regina....................................
Hotel Powi¢le.......................................
Hotel Praski..........................................
Nathan's Villa Hostel............................
Oki Doki...............................................
Old Town Apartments..........................
Smolna Youth Hostel No 2...................
St Anne's Church..................................
St John's Cathedral...............................
State Archaeological Museum..............
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier..............
Ujazdów Castle....................................
Warsaw Historical Museum...................
City Apartments...................................
Dom Go¢cinny.....................................
Dom Literatury.....................................
Monument to Sigismund III Vasa..........
Monument to the Warsaw Rising.........
Museum of the Polish Army.................
National Museum.................................
No¤yk Synagogue................................
Palace of Culture & Science..................
Potocki Palace.......................................
Radziwi×× Palace....................................
Royal Castle..........................................
Main Post Office..................................
550 551
Poland - Trang 7
Để xem tài liệu đầy đủ. Xin vui lòng
Nếu xem trực tuyến bị lỗi, bạn có thể tải về máy để xem.

Poland - Người đăng: luyen-thi-dai-hoc
5 Tài liệu rất hay! Được đăng lên bởi - 1 giờ trước Đúng là cái mình đang tìm. Rất hay và bổ ích. Cảm ơn bạn!
40 Vietnamese
Poland 9 10 48